A level Ecosystems Quiz. An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment, interacting as a system. These biotic and abiotic components are linked together through nutrient cycles and energy flows play an important role in the movement of matter and energy through the system. They also influence the quantity of plant and microbial biomass present. By breaking down dead organic matter, decomposers release carbon back to the atmosphere and facilitate nutrient cycling by converting nutrients stored in dead biomass back to a form that can be readily used by plants and other microbes.
Ecosystems are controlled by external and internal factors. External factors such as climate, parent material which forms the soil and topography, control the overall structure of an ecosystem but are not themselves influenced by the ecosystem. Unlike external factors, internal factors are controlled, for example, decomposition, root competition, shading, disturbance, succession, and the types of species present.
Ecosystems are dynamic entities—they are subject to periodic disturbances and are in the process of recovering from some past disturbance. Ecosystems in similar environments that are located in different parts of the world can end up doing things very differently simply because they have different pools of species present. Internal factors not only control ecosystem processes but are also controlled by them and are often subject to feedback loops.
A single bacterium in the soil interacts with
The region of earth, where life exists is known as
In the biosphere energy is received from
The Biosphere consists of the following
In which of the following form(s), the waster products are discharged into the biosphere?
Ecosystem is smallest unit of
Energy _____ in an Ecosystem
The set of ecosystems is called a
The following is an example of Terrestrial Biome
Terrestrial biomes has a rapid exchange of
The following is an example of lentic biome
The following is an example of marine biome
The smallest artificial ecosystems that have been known to sustain life over a long period of time are
Ecosysems rely on the following major sources of energy
The following type of ecosystems have a low productivity or capacity to do work
The following type of ecosystems have high energy input